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Colorectal Surgery

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Colorectal Surgery

Manager: Dr. Mohsen Towliat Kashani (more information)

The Erfan Niayesh Subspecialty Group of Colorectal Surgery with the most experienced surgeons in this field is ready to provide high-quality services to patients.
 
Colorectal Surgery
Colorectal surgery is one of the sub-specialty fields of general surgery that evaluates, diagnoses, and treats diseases or disorders of the colon, rectum, and anus. Colorectal surgeons have acquired knowledge and surgical skills over a span of 4-5 years, and after gaining several years of experience and obtaining a surgical specialty board, they take part in a sub-specialty training course in colorectal surgery. During this course, which lasts between 1,5 to 2 years, they receive additional and advanced training for the diagnosis and treatment of colorectal diseases.
 
Colorectal Disease
There are various types of colorectal diseases, and they are also very common. These diseases are classified into benign and malignant categories and are treated with a combination of surgical and non-surgical methods. The most common benign diseases in this field are called proctological diseases, including abscesses, fistulas, hemorrhoids, anal fissure, rectal prolapse, constipation, and defection. 
Other common benign colorectal diseases include inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease) and intestinal polyps that require careful treatment and medical care. In certain cases, these diseases have the potential to become malignant, so appropriate and prompt follow-up as well as high-quality medical care is extremely necessary.
Malignant diseases of the colon, rectum, and anus are among the most common malignancies around the world. Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in men and women and the third leading cause of death worldwide. Unfortunately, the incidence of these malignancies around the world, including in our country, has increased in recent years, but fortunately, thanks to the advances in surgery and oncology, these cancers are being categorized among the most treatable cancers that can be cured completely.
 
 
Common diseases diagnosed and treated by colorectal surgeons: ​
  • Colorectal cancers
    • Colon cancer
    • Rectal cancer
    • Anal cancer
  • Anorectal disorders
    • Hemorrhoids
    • Pilonidal sinus (hair cyst)
    • Anal abscesses
    • Anal bleeding
    • Anal warts
    • Anal fistulas
    • Colorectal fistulas
    • Rectovaginal fistulas
    • Anovaginal fistulas
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
    • Crohn's disease
    • Ulcerative colitis
    • indeterminate colitis
  • Hernias
    • Abdominal Wall Hernias
    • Incisional hernias ​
    • Parastomal hernias (A stoma hernia occurs in about 5-10 percent of people with a colostomy, and in about 3-10 percent of people with ileostomy)
  • Functional, control, and defecation disorders
    • Chronic constipation
    • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
    • Dyssynergic defecation
    • Obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS)
    • Stool incontinence
    • Diarrhea without a cause (Unexplained Diarrhea)
    • Rectal prolapse or bulge
    • Rectocele
  • Inflammatory / infectious disorders
    • Diuretic (Frequent urination)
    • Proctitis
    • Infectious and inflammatory colitis
 
Colorectal Surgery Team
The surgery team with the most experienced professors and surgeons in this field offers extensive and subspecialty services to patients. Patients with challenging health conditions are discussed, reviewed and then the best medical care is decided in MDT sessions in order to provide quality treatment and achieve the best medical results. If required, the Colorectal Surgery Team will diagnose and treat patients with the cooperation and consensus of a group of specialists or sub-specialists, including gastroenterologists, medical oncologists, radiologists, rehabilitation and physical therapists, radiologists, and pathologists. These meetings will take place at least twice a month on a regular basis.
 
Colorectal Surgery Team Activities
  • Challenging and sub-specialty colon surgeries
    • Treatment of intestinal polyps and polyposis disorders (familial adenomatous polyposis)
    • Colon, rectum, and anus cancers, including end of colon cancers and Sphincter-preserving surgery (SPS)
    • Surgical treatment for inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease) and J-Pouch Surgery
    • Minimally invasive TEO/TEM surgery and laparoscopic colorectal surgery, depending on the patient's condition and needs.
    • Sphincter repair and treatment for fecal incontinence surgery (sphinctroplasty)
 
  • Provide outpatient care services, counseling, visits, and patient follow-up
    • Colorectal Clinic (Saturday, Monday, and Tuesday evening)
    • Constipation and bowel disorders clinic (Wednesday evenings)
    • Regular meetings of the MDT (Multi-disciplinary team) or the meeting of the Specialty Committee on Gastrointestinal Tumors at Erfan Niayesh Hospital
 
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